What is The Process of A Pearl Being Made?

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Pearl farm base
Pearl farm base

Pearls are often given as a considered and thoughtful gift ,whether you are receiving pearls as a gift or giving them to a loved one or wearing them .You can’t ever go wrong with pearls !unlike any cut stone, pearls are the only sustainable gem on the planet. Where most gemstones are non-renewable,almost all other gemstones are formed by mineral deposits that must be mined, cut, and polished to reveal their sparkling beauty. Pearls, on the other hand, are beautiful as they are – straight out of the mollusk.However, how these precious treasure are cultivated ?

Pearl in oyster
Pearl in oyster

1.Spat Collecting
In the early days of the cultured pearl industry, oysters were simply collected from the sea. Although some farmers continue using this method today, many use the more modern practice of breeding their own oysters. To do this, the pearl farmer collects oyster sperm and eggs from high-quality oysters . Once fertilized, the eggs give birth to larvae: the spat. The larvae are allowed to float freely in the water, under controlled conditions, until they are a few weeks old. In the wild, the larvae would then attach themselves to a rock or similar object (wire supports) the farmers provide。Over a period of a few months, the larvae develop into baby oysters. They were generally put in the net cage then moved into a separate “nursery” area of the farm. Here they are tended for around 1-2 years, until they have grown sufficiently large to be nucleated.

2. Grafting
Grafting for cultured pearls is a process similar to the one to produce a natural pearl, whether the foreign body is a grain of sand, a parasite, or a small shell bead by hand, if it is accepted-by the oyster it will eventually become a pearl. Grafting is a high-skill task and must be done quickly to maximize the chances of success.

grating
grating

Technicians open the live pearl oysters then gently surgically implant a small shell bead along with a tiny piece of mantle tissue. This bead is the nucleus around which the oyster secretes layer after layer of nacre, the substance that forms the pearl. This step of the culturing process requires tremendous skill and precision. The oysters will only allow their shells to be pried open 2 to 3 centimeters or they will reject the nucleus. Experienced technicians use

3.Culturing
After nucleating, the oysters are given a few weeks to recover from the surgery. During this time, some of the oysters may reject and expel the implanted nuclei; others may become sick or even die. Most, however, will fully recover. The oysters are then placed in cages or nets and moved into the oyster bed, where they will be tended as the pearls develop.The secret to healthy oysters is to keep them clean by removing any shells, mollusks, and seaweed that continua attach themselves to an oyster’s shell. Such parasites compete with the oyster for food, weigh them down, and prevent them from opening correctly to filter the sea water for nutrients. Regular cleaning is vital, a process undertaken three or four times a year, where the oysters are taken briefly from the water, carefully cleaned, and immediately returned to the breeding stations. As time passes, the oysters secrete lustrous layers of nacre around the implanted bead.after two years .pearls can be harvested .

pearl-farming-base
pearl-farming-base
sorting oysters
sorting oysters
Pearl oyster wholesale
Pearl oyster wholesale

4.Harvesting

After the pearls have been allowed to develop fully, they must be harvested. After the pearls are extracted from the oysters, they are washed, dried, and sorted into general categories. Sometimes, the pearls are polished by tumbling in salt and water. The pearls are then sold to jewelers, manufacturers, and pearl dealers.

Oysters Make Pearls
Oysters Make Pearls

Pearls are the oldest known gem and symbolize wisdom, truth, purity and faith. It is the only jewel made by a living creature. The pearl grows slowly from a tiny grain of sand into an object of beauty.Our genuine pearls are hand drilled and hand knotted ,browse our website topearl.com to find your ideal match .